The 10 Main Health Issues of Retirees

According to UN statistics, in mid-2019 the world’s population stood at 7.7 billion. Of these, 703 million (9.1%) were aged 65 or over.

The global population is expected to grow to around 9.7 billion by 2050, when the number of older persons will have doubled to over 1.5 billion, ie just over 15% of the total population in 2050.

Aging can bring on various health issues to a degree not experienced by younger folk.

Once you are in your 60s, a common cold or a flu can give rise to more severe medical conditions. These include respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia, bronchitis, sinus or ear infections.

If you already have a chronic disease such as diabetes or asthma, a respiratory illness can make things a lot worse.

Here’s a brief overview of the most common health challenges faced by retirees:

  • Chronic diseases
  • Physical injury (falls)
  • Cognitive health
  • Vision and hearing
  • Teeth and gums
  • Behavioural health
  • Substance abuse
  • Malnutrition
  • Constipation and incontinence
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

Chronic diseases

The term chronic refers to a disease or illness that persists for a long time or is constantly recurring. It does not indicate the severity of the disease. More details please visit:- https://kjø

The leading causes of death among retirees in the USA are chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, lower respiratory diseases, cancer, Alzheimer’s, obesity and diabetes.

According to the National Council of Aging in the USA, 80% of older adults have at least one chronic condition and 70% have two or more. The figures for other advanced countries such as those in the European Union, Canada, the UK etc are similar.

Chronic diseases can limit a retiree’s ability to undertake normal daily activities.

This causes them to lose their independence and become reliant on long-term services and supports such as caregivers in their own home.

Eventually they end up having to enter entering a nursing (retirement) home or skilled nursing facility staffed by trained nurses and carers who are experienced in looking after the elderly.

The best way to prevent or manage chronic diseases is to:

  • get regular check-ups
  • eat a healthy diet
  • exercise regularly and consistently
  • lose weight as required

Physical injury (Falls)

Falls are a leading cause of fatal and non-fatal physical injury among retirees. Having a fall can cause hip fractures, head traumas and even death.

Every 15 seconds, a retiree is admitted to a hospital emergency department for a fall. A retiree dies from a fall every 30 seconds.

These are sobering statistics… indeed retirees are hospitalised for injuries relating to falls five times more than for injuries due to other causes.

There are several reasons why retirees are more prone to falls than younger folk:

  • Aging causes your bones to shrink and your muscles to lose strength and flexibility, making you frail and more likely to lose your balance and fall.
  • Diseases such as osteoporosis and osteoarthritis can make you even more frail and liable to fall.

Fear of falling can cause retirees to limit their activities which can result in more physical decline and thus more falls as well as social isolation and depression.

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